Annexes

Annex 1: External experts and WHO staff involved in guideline development

Members of the Evidence and Recommendation Review Groups (ERRGs)

There were three ERRGs, one for each domain of this guidance: Clinical services, Service delivery, Law and policy. Below each list of ERRG (expert panels) members, additional contributors to the pre-ERRG scoping meetings are listed per domain.

Clinical services domain ERRG members

Name Affiliation
City, country
WHO region of residence Expertise Declarations/ conflicts of interest
Laura Castleman Planned Parenthood Michigan and University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America (USA)
Americas Obstetrics and gynaecology None
Suchitra Dalvie Sexual and reproductive health programme consultant
Mumbai, India
South-East Asia Abortion, advocacy None
Michalina Drejza International Youth Alliance for Family Planning (IYAFP)
Poznań, Poland
Europe Obstetrics and gynaecology, youth None
Kristina Gemzell Danielsson* Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet
Stockholm, Sweden
Europe Obstetrics and gynaecology, abortion research None
Laura Gil* Fundación Educación Para la Salud Reproductiva (ESAR) (Education Foundation for Reproductive Health)
Bogotá, Colombia
Americas Abortion, contraception None
Selma Hajri*   TAWHIDA Group for Research and Action on Women’s Health
Tunis, Tunisia
Eastern Mediterranean Abortion, contraception, research None
Guyo Jaldesa University of Nairobi
Nairobi, Kenya
Africa Obstetrics and gynaecology None
Dhammika Perera* Marie Stopes International
London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Europe Abortion, contraception None
Alongkone Phengsavanh University of Health Sciences
Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Western Pacific Obstetrics and gynaecology, abortion care None
Judiac Ranape* Department of Health
Cape Town, South Africa
Africa Nursing, nurse training, abortion care None
Kitihoun Serge Reproductive Health Unit, Alfred Comlan Quenum Regional Institute of Public Health
Ouidah, Benin
Africa Abortion, contraception None
Human rights adviser
Christina Zampas Center for Reproductive Rights
Geneva, Switzerland
Europe Law, human rights, sex work, forced sterilization None
* These members also contributed to the scoping meeting for this domain, in advance of the ERRG meetings, along with the following additional contributing experts: Abigail Aiken (University of Texas, USA), Rodica Comendant (Reproductive Health Training Center, Republic of Moldova), Debora Diniz (Instituto de Bioética, Brazil), Angel Foster (University of Ottawa, Canada), Daniel Grossman (University of California, San Francisco, USA), Kinga Jelinksa (Women Help Women, Netherlands), Munir Kassa (Center for International Reproductive Health Training, Ethiopia), Rasha Khoury (Médecins Sans Frontières, Afghanistan), Alice Mark (National Abortion Federation, USA), Mariana Romero (Center for the Study of State and Society, Argentina), Marion Stevens (Sexual and Reproductive Justice Coalition, South Africa), Nadira Sultana (Global Fund – United Nations Office for Projects Services, Bangladesh).

Service delivery domain ERRG members

Name Affiliation
City, country
WHO region of residence Expertise Declarations/ conflicts of interest
Fauzia Akhter Huda* Maternal and Child Health Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (ICDDRB)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
South-East Asia Public health, health systems, abortion None
Nana Yaa Appiah Women’s Voices Foundation
Accra, Ghana
Africa Pharmacy, social marketing, professional development None
Karla Berdichevsky Gender Equity and Reproductive Health, Mexico Federal Ministry of Health
Mexico City, Mexico
Americas Sexual and reproductive health programming, policy and research None
Jemima Araba Dennis-Antwi Ghana College of Nurses and Midwives
Accra, Ghana
Africa Health systems strengthening, maternal health, midwifery, nursing training None
Surendra Dhital Independent Pharmacist
Kathmandu, Nepal
South-East Asia Pharmacy, counselling, safe abortion None
Caitlin Gerdts* Ibis Reproductive Health
Oakland, CA, USA
Americas Qualitative research, use of technology, access to abortion None
Daniel Maceira Economics Department, University of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Americas Health systems research, health programming and policy development None
Vinoj Manning* Ipas Development Foundation
New Delhi, India
South-East Asia Health systems, abortion care None
Sybil Nkeiru Generation Initiative for Women and Youth Network (GIWYN)
Lagos, Nigeria
Africa Human rights activist None
Hiromi Obara* Department of Health Planning and Management, Bureau of International Health Cooperation, National Center for Global Health and Medicine
Tokyo, Japan
Western Pacific Health planning and management, Maternal health and abortion policy None
Karan Parikh International Youth Alliance for Family Planning (IYAFP)
Mumbai, India
South-East Asia Clinician, youth None
Michelle Remme United Nations University’s International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Western Pacific Research, gender, health system financing None
Karthik Srinivasanb International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF)
London, United Kingdom
Europe Commodities, health system None
Human rights adviser
Christina Zampas Center for Reproductive Rights
Geneva, Switzerland
Europe Law, human rights, sex work, forced sterilization None
* These members also contributed to the scoping meeting(s) for this domain, in advance of the ERRG meetings, along with the following additional contributing experts: Patrick Aboagye (Ghana Health Services, Ghana), Laura Castleman (Ipas, Planned Parenthood and University of Michigan, USA), Amanda Cleeve (Karolinksa Institutet, Sweden), Saida Chowdhury (Independent consultant, USA), Rodica Comendant (Reproductive Health Training Center, Republic of Moldova), Joanna Erdman (Dalhousie University, Canada), Rebecca Gomperts (Women on Waves, Netherlands), Chisale Mhango (University of Malawi, Malawi), Monica Oguttu (Kisumu Medical and Education Trust, Kenya), Paul Mandira (United Nations Population Fund, USA), Mariana Romero (Center for the Study of State and Society, Argentina), Sarmad Soomar (International Youth Alliance for Family Planning, Pakistan).

b This member began working for a funding agency before the final ERRG meeting and therefore his involvement in guideline development ended at that point.

Law and policy domain ERRG members

Name Affiliation
City, country
WHO region of residence Expertise Declarations/ conflicts of interest
Marge Berer International Campaign for Women’s Right to Safe Abortion
London, United Kingdom
Europe Social science, abortion policy None
Joanna Erdman* Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University
Halifax, Canada
Americas Human rights, health law and policy None
Godfrey Kangaude University of Pretoria and University of Toronto
Blantyre, Malawi
Africa Sexual and reproductive health and rights law None
Akila Radhakrishnan Global Justice Center
New York, NY, USA
Americas Law and policy None
Ruben Avila Reyna International Youth Alliance for Family Planning (IYAFP) Youth Taskforce
Nuevo León, Mexico
Americas Human rights, advocacy, youth None
Chi-Chi Undie Population Council
Nairobi, Kenya
Africa Abortion and contraception, policy None
Human rights advisers
Abhijit Das Centre for Health and Social Justice New
Delhi, India
South-East Asia Human rights None
Sara Hossain Bar of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh
Dhaka, Bangladesh
South-East Asia Law and policy, human rights None
Karima Khalil Maternal and Child Health Consultant
New Delhi, India
South-East Asia Law and policy, human rights None
Primah Kwagala Director, Women’s Probono Initiative
Kampala, Uganda
Africa Law and policy, human rights None
Monica Arango Olaya Faculty of Law, University of Oxford
Oxford, United Kingdom
Europe Law and policy, human rights None
Xian Warner Research and Program Coordinator, The Equality Institute
Dili, Timor-Leste
Western Pacific Law and policy, human rights None
Christina Zampas* Center for Reproductive Rights
Geneva, Switzerland
Europe Law, human rights, sex work, forced sterilization None
* These members also contributed to the scoping meeting(s) for this domain, in advance of the ERRG meetings, along with the following additional contributing experts: Paola Bergallo (University of Torcuato Di Tella, Argentina), Lucia Berro Pizzarossa (University of Groningen, Netherlands), Scott Burris (Temple University, USA), Fiona de Londras (Birmingham University, United Kingdom), Silvia de Zordo (University of Barcelona, Spain), Debora Diniz (Instituto de Bioética, Brazil), Heather Douglas (University of Queensland, Australia), Daniel Grossman (University of California, San Francisco, USA), Selma Hajri (TAWHIDA Group for Research and Action on Women’s Health, Tunisia), Jihan Jacob, Center for Reproductive Rights, Philippines), Minzee Kim (Ewha Womans University, Republic of Korea), Chisale Mhango (University of Malawi, Malawi), Mahesh Puri (Centre for Research on Environment, Health and Population Activities, Nepal), Patricia Schulz (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Switzerland), Patty Skuster (Ipas, USA), Marion Stevens (Sexual and Reproductive Justice Coalition, South Africa), Maya Unnithan (University of Sussex, United Kingdom).

Members of the Guideline Development Group (GDG), and declarations of interests

Name Job title, affiliation
City, country
WHO region of residence Expertise Declarations/ conflicts of interest
Fauzia Akhter Huda Project Coordinator, Maternal and Child Health Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research
Bangladesh (ICDDRB) Dhaka, Bangladesh
South-East Asia Public health, health systems, abortion None
Karla Berdichevsky Director, Gender Equity and Reproductive Health, Mexico Federal Ministry of Health
Mexico City, Mexico
Americas Sexual and reproductive health programming, policy and research None
Marge Berer Coordinator, International Campaign for Women’s Right to Safe Abortion
London, United Kingdom
Europe Law and policy None
Laura Castleman (CHAIR) Associate Medical Director, Planned Parenthood of Michigan and Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Americas Obstetrics and gynaecology None
Michalina Drejza Director on Research and Development, International Youth Alliance for Family Planning (IYAFP)
Poznań, Poland
Europe Obstetrics and gynaecology, youth None
Joanna Erdman Associate Professor, Health Law and Policy, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Americas Law and policy None
Kristina Gemzell Danielsson Head, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet
Stockholm, Sweden
Europe Obstetrics and gynaecology, abortion research None
Caitlin Gerdts Vice President for Research, Ibis Reproductive Health
Oakland, CA, USA
Americas Qualitative research None
Laura Gil Clinician
Bogotá, Colombia
Americas Clinical None
Selma Hajri Founder and President, TAWHIDA Group for Research and Action on Women’s Health
Tunis, Tunisia
Eastern Mediterranean Abortion, contraception, research None
Guyo Jaldesa Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nairobi
Nairobi, Kenya
Africa Obstetrics and gynaecology None
Godfrey Kangaude Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Pretoria, and Reproductive and Sexual Health Law Fellow, University of Toronto
Blantyre, Malawi
Africa Sexual and reproductive health and rights law None
Vinoj Manning Chief Executive Officer Ipas Development Foundation
New Delhi, India
South-East Asia Health systems None
Hiromi Obara Medical Doctor, Deputy Director, Division of Global Health Policy and Research, Department of Health Planning and Management, Bureau of International Health Cooperation Japan, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, and Project Coordinator, Cambodia, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
Tokyo, Japan
Western Pacific Health systems None
Alongkone Phengsavanh Vice Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of Health Sciences
Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Western Pacific Obstetrics and gynaecology, abortion care None
Akila Radhakrishnan President, Global Justice Center
New York, NY, USA
Americas Law and policy None
Michelle Remme Research Lead, United Nations University’s International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Western Pacific Research, gender, health system financing None
Chi Chi Undie Senior Associate, Population Council
Nairobi, Kenya
Africa Abortion and contraception, policy None
Human rights adviser
Christina Zampas Associate Director of Global Advocacy, Center for Reproductive Rights
Geneva, Switzerland
Europe Human rights None

GDG meeting observers:

  • Patricia Lohr, Medical Director, British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS), London, United Kingdom; also member of Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) Making Abortion Safe Programme Advisory Group
  • Jaydeep Tank, Secretary General of the Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI) and Chair, International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (FIGO) Working Group for safe abortion, Mumbai, India
  • Francelle Toedtli, Consultant, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), New York, New York, USA
  • Ann Yates, Lead Midwife Adviser, International Confederation of Midwives (ICM), Head Office, The Hague, the Netherlands

Guideline methodologist(s)

Clinical services domain: Jeppe Schroll, Consultant, Research Coordinator and Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amager Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Service delivery domain: Nicholas Henschke and Gemma Villanueva, Senior Systematic Reviewers, and Yanina Sguassero, Systematic Review, of Cochrane Response

Law and policy domain: Maria Rodriguez, Associate Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), Portland, Oregon, USA

Evidence Synthesis Team(s)

Clinical services domain:

  • Cochrane Fertility Regulation (CFR) Group, at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU)
    • Lead researchers: Alison Edelman, Maria Rodriguez, Makalapua Motu’apuaka, Taylor King
    • Search strategy support: Robyn Paynter
    • Team members/review authors: Jessica Atrio, Sharon Cameron, Justin T. Diedrich, Eleanor Drey, Alison Edelman, Katherine Gambir, Bela Ganatra, Jeffrey T.J. Jensen, Nathalie Kapp, Caron Kim, Patricia Lohr, Adrienne E. McKercher, Karen Meckstroth, Chelsea Morroni, Kelly Ann Necastro, Sara J. Newmann, Thoai D. Ngo, Antoinette Nguyen, Mark D.N. Nichols, Regina-Maria Renner, John J. Reynolds-Wright, Tesfaye Tufa, Mulat A. Woldetsadik
  • WHO Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research (SRH) staff, consultants and Family Planning fellows:
    • Michelle Chan, Family Planning fellow, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    • Elizabeth Clark, Family Planning fellow, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    • Teresa DePiñeres, Lead Clinician, Medication Abortion Access Project, Essential Access Health
    • Margit Endler, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Stockholm South Central Hospital, and Researcher, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    • Roopan Gill, Consultant, Preventing Unsafe Abortion Unit, SRH Department, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland; Women’s Health Advisor, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Paris, France
    • Yelena Korotkaya, Family Planning fellow, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    • Lemi Tolu, Family Planning fellow, Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Service delivery domain:

  • Cochrane Response
    • Lead researchers: Nicholas Henschke, Yanina Sguassero and Gemma Villanueva
    • Search strategy support: Elise Cogo
    • Team members/review authors: Hanna Bergman, Brian Buckley, Jennifer Petkovic, Chantelle Garritty, Candyce Hamel, Katrin Probyn
  • WHO SRH staff, consultants and Family Planning fellows:
    • Ferid Abubeker, Family Planning fellow, Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    • Mekdes Feyssa, Medical Officer, Preventing Unsafe Abortion (PUA) Unit, SRH Department, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    • Roopan Gill, Consultant, PUA Unit, SRH Department, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland; Women’s Health Advisor, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Paris, France
    • Caron Kim, Medical Officer, PUA Unit, SRH Department, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    • Bianca Stifani, Family Planning fellow, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    • Tesfaye Tufa, Family Planning fellow, Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Other contributors:
    • Ernestina Coast, Professor of Health and International Development, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom
    • Samantha Lattof, Visiting Fellow, Department of International Development, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom
    • Brittany Moore, Consultant, Scientific and Technical Division Advisor, Ipas, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    • Cheri Poss, Associate Director, Program Evidence, Ipas, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    • Yana Rodgers, Professor, Department of Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Director of the Center for Women and Work, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Law and policy domain:

  • The Policy Surveillance Program at the Center for Public Health Law Research (CPHLR), Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    • Lead researcher: Scott Burris
    • Team members/review authors: Lindsay Foster Cloud, Adrienne R. Ghorashi, Rachel Rebouché, Patty Skuster
  • Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    • Lead researcher: Fiona de Londras, Chair of Global Legal Studies, Birmingham Law School
    • Team members/review authors: Alana Farrell, Magdalena Furgalska
  • WHO SRH staff and consultants:
    • Amanda Cleeve, Consultant in sexual and reproductive health and preventing unsafe abortion, Stockholm, Sweden
    • Antonella Lavelanet, Medical Officer, PUA Unit, SRH Department, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland

External Review Group (ERG)

Name Affiliation City, country WHO region of residence Expertise
Safia Ahsan Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition, PATH Washington, DC, USA Americas Market development, supply chain management
Traci Baird EngenderHealth Washington, DC, USA Americas Leadership, women’s health, sexual and reproductive health
Sharon Cameron Chalmers Hospital Edinburgh, United Kingdom Europe Obstetrics and gynaecology, abortion, contraception, genital tract infection
Jane Harries Women’s Health Research Unit, School of Public Health, University of Cape Town Cape Town, South Africa Africa Abortion, contraception, research
Thoai Ngo Population Council New York, NY, USA Americas Research, health policy
Mariana Romero Centre for the Study of State and Society (CEDES) Buenos Aires, Argentina Americas Maternal health, abortion, research
Rachel Simon-Kumar School of Population Health, University of Auckland and Centre for Asian Health Research and Evaluation (CAHRE) Auckland, New Zealand Europe Social science, gender and economics
Beverly Winikoff Gynuity Health Project New York, NY, USA Americas Reproductive choice, contraception, abortion, women’s health

Reviewers from implementing organizations who provided feedback on the draft guideline

  • Bethan Cobley, MSI Reproductive Choices, London, United Kingdom
  • Rasha Dabash, Ipas, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
  • Eva Lathrop, Population Services International (PSI), Washington, DC, USA
  • Steve Luboya, Pathfinder, Watertown, Massachusetts, USA
  • Rebecca Wilkins, International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), London, United Kingdom

Members of the WHO steering group

Name Department and Unit Expertise
Mekdes Daba Feyssa Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research (SRH), Preventing Unsafe Abortion (PUA) Unit, WHO headquarters Abortion, contraception
Bela Ganatra SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters Abortion, social science
Roopan Gill (during first stages of guideline planning) SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters (formerly) Abortion, contraception, humanitarian settings
Heidi Johnston SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters Abortion, demography
Rajat Khosla (during first stages of guideline planning) SRH, Director’s Office, WHO headquarters (formerly) Human rights adviser
Caron Kim* SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters Abortion, contraception, sexual and reproductive health and rights in health emergencies
Antonella Lavelanet SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters Abortion, contraception, law and policy, human rights
Lemi Tolu (during the first stages of guideline planning) SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters (formerly) Abortion, contraception
* Responsible technical officer for development of this guideline

Members of the WHO Secretariat

Name Department and Unit (and region if applicable)
Moazzam Ali Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research (SRH), Contraception and Fertility Care (CFC) Unit, WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland
Ian Askew SRH, WHO headquarters
Chilanga Asmani Reproductive and Maternal Health (RMH) and Ageing, WHO Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo
Laurence Codjia Department of Health Work Force (HWF), Health Labour Market and Partnerships (HLM) Unit, WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland
Ibadat Dhillon Human Resources for Health and Fellowships (HRH), WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi, India
Fahdi Dkhimi HGF, HEF, WHO headquarters
Carolin Ekman SRH, Preventing Unsafe Abortion (PUA) Unit, WHO headquarters
Claire Garabedian SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters
Rodolfo Gómez Ponce de León Latin American Center for Perinatology, Women’s Health and Reproductive Health (CLAP/WR), Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Montevideo, Uruguay
Veloshnee Govender SRH, SRH Integration in Health Systems (SHS) Unit, WHO headquarters
Hannah Hatch SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters
Lisa Hedman HIS, Essential Medicines and Health Products (EMP) Unit, WHO headquarters
Nilmini Hemachandra Reproductive and Maternal Health (RMH), WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt
Shogo Kubota Lao People’s Democratic Republic, WHO Country Office, Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Laurence Läser SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters
Bruno Meessen Health Systems Governance and Financing (HGF), Health Financing (HEF), WHO headquarters
Ulrika Rehnström Loi SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters
Marta Schaaf SRH Director’s Office, WHO headquarters
Patricia Titulaer SRH, PUA, WHO headquarters