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Sexual health, human rights and gender equity

This section includes summaries of systematic reviews relating to issues of sexual health, human rights and gender equity. It also contains summaries related to harmful practices and behaviours, such as female genital mutilation, sexual abuse, early marriage and gender-based violence.

Sexual abuse

School based education programmes for the prevention of child sexual abuse

An updated version of this systematic review has been published and can be found online at www.cochrane.org . We will soon update the below RHL summary to reflect the updated findings of the systematic review. RHL summary Findings of the review : Sexual abuse of children is a serious problem...

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Cognitive-behavioural interventions for children who have been sexually abused

Findings of the review : Sexual abuse of children and adolescents is a serious social problem worldwide with public health consequences. To support affected individuals and their families, cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT) have been proposed. These involve problem-solving psychotherapy designed...

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Gender-based violence

WHO recommendation on clinical diagnosis of intimate partner violence in pregnancy

Clinical enquiry about the possibility of intimate partner violence (IPV) should be strongly considered at antenatal care visits when assessing conditions that may be caused or complicated by IPV in order to improve clinical diagnosis and subsequent care, where there is the capacity to provide a...

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Screening women for intimate partner violence in health-care settings

An updated version of this systematic review has been published and can be found online at www.cochrane.org . We will soon update the below RHL summary to reflect the updated findings of the systematic review. RHL Summary It has been recommended that all women should be screened for intimate...

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Female Genital Mutilation

Obstetric Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

FGM/C is associated with an increased risk of obstetric complications, including prolonged labour, obstetric lacerations, obstetric haemorrhage, and difficult delivery. This is irrespective of the whether the included studies were prospective or retrospective in design, or the effect estimates were...

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Effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting

There is a lack of high-quality studies on strategies for reducing female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). Available data suggest that community leadership is key to decreasing the prevalence of FGM/C on a large scale. Programmes that ignore key stakeholders in the community experience...

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Sexual health and rights

WHO recommendation on woman-held case notes during pregnancy

It is recommended that each pregnant woman carries her own case notes during pregnancy to improve continuity, quality of care and her pregnancy experience.

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WHO recommendation on interventions to promote awareness of human, sexual and reproductive rights and the right to access quality skilled care

Because of the paucity of evidence available, additional research is recommended.

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